The Physico-Chemical Study of Heavy Metals in Water of Yamuna River


  • Prem Prabhakar Department Of Chemistry, Paliwal College, Shikohabad (Firozabad),UttarPradesh


Hazardous, Toxicity, Correlation etc.


The pollution of water bodies with heavy metals has become a worldwide problem. The concentration of heavy metals- Copper (Cu), Chromium (Cr), Iron (Fe), Lead (Pb), Mercury (Hg), Nickel (Ni), and Arsenic (As) in the water of Yamuna River at Agra to Etawah and its adjacent areas, according to their pollution potential in the river water were determined. Perennial sources for the release of the heavy metals in the Yamuna river are- (1) Industrial discharge,(2) House wastes discharge (3) Sewage discharge, etc. Their effect has been carried out on various physiological responses of fishes living in the river ecosystem. The data showed that there was notable variation in the concentration of heavy metal from one sample area to another, which may be due to variation in the quality of sewage and industrial discharge. A river water sample collected from Agra to Etawah was also analyzed for Total hardness which is caused by CaCo3 along with the potassium and sulfate. It was found that the hardness of water gradually increased from Agra to Etawah.

Author Biography

Prem Prabhakar, Department Of Chemistry, Paliwal College, Shikohabad (Firozabad),UttarPradesh

Chemistry, Associate Professor


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How to Cite

Prabhakar, P. (2021). The Physico-Chemical Study of Heavy Metals in Water of Yamuna River. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research Education Analysis and Development- IJMREAD, 40–44. Retrieved from